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LR - Liberia
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Bureau of Archives, Patents, Trade Marks and Copyright (Liberia)

Useful information

The PCT Applicant’s Guide is updated almost every week with information received by the International Bureau.
In case of question, please contact the Office or the International Bureau (pct.guide@wipo.int).
List of abbreviations used in this document:
Office: Liberia Intellectual Property Office (LIPO)
LPL: Liberia Intellectual Property Act, 2016
LPR: Administrative Regulation on Patent, 5 September 2019
List of currencies used in this document:
USD (US dollar)
Countries and Offices information:
The list of acronyms used for Offices is no longer shown as it has been integrated in the mouseover functionality for each ST.3 code shown in this document.
Refer to List of WIPO Standards, Recommendations and Guidelines formerly Annex K, List of country names and two-letter codes. It includes a list of short names and two-letter codes accepted for use in indicating States, other entities and intergovernmental organizations and their Offices in documents relating to international applications under the PCT. The list is as set out in WIPO Standard ST.3.
Also refer to PCT Contracting States formerly Annex A.
Office profile
For more technical information about the Office, refer to ePCT Office profile.
PCT Reservations, Declarations, Notifications and Incompatibilities
The Office does not have any reservations, declarations, notifications or incompatibilities.
Refer to the full list.
Office Closed dates
The Office is closed weekly on Saturday and Sunday
Additional closed dates can be consulted on the Office Closed dates page

International Phase

Annex B - Information on Contracting States or Intergovernmental Organization

Contracting State:
Liberia
Two-letter code:
LR
Liberia - Liberia Intellectual Property Office (LIPO)
Name of Office:
Liberia Intellectual Property Office (LIPO)
Location:
Old Labor Ministry Building
U.N. Drive
Monrovia
Liberia
Mailing address:
Same as above
Telephone:
(231) 775 53 35 95
E-mail:
liberiaindustrialproperty@gmail.com
Website:
None
Facsimile:
(231) 770 32 90 24
Does the Office accept the filing of documents by facsimile or the like means (PCT Rule 92.4)?
Yes, by facsimile
Which kinds of documents may be so transmitted?
All kinds of documents
Must the original of the document be furnished in all cases?
Yes, within 14 days from the date of transmission, if the transmitted document is an international application or a replacement sheet containing corrections or amendments of an international application
No, only upon invitation in the case of other documents
Would the Office accept evidence of mailing a document, in case of loss or delay, where a delivery service other than the postal authorities is used (PCT Rule 82.1)?
Yes
provided that the delivery service is:
DHL
EMS
Is the Office prepared to allow applicants to make applications available to the WIPO Digital Access Service for Priority Documents (DAS) (PCT Rule 17.1(b-bis)?
No
Competent receiving Office(s) for international applications filed by nationals or residents of this State:
AP
African Regional Intellectual Property Organization - African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO)
IB
International Bureau of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) - International Bureau of WIPO
LR
Liberia - Liberia Intellectual Property Office (LIPO)
Does national legislation restrict the filing of international applications with foreign Offices?
Refer to the Office
Competent designated (or elected) Office(s) for this State:
National protection: LR
ARIPO protection: AP
Types of protection available via the PCT:
National:
Patents
Utility models
ARIPO:
Patents
Utility models (a utility model may be sought instead of or in addition to an ARIPO patent)
Availability under the national law for an international-type search (PCT Article 15):
None
Provisional protection after international publication:
None
Information of interest if this Contracting State is designated (or elected)
Time when the name and address of the inventor must be given:
Must be in the request. If the data concerning the inventor are missing at the expiry of the time limit applicable under PCT Article 22 or 39(1)(a), the Office will invite the applicant to comply with the requirement within a time limit fixed in the invitation.
Are there special provisions concerning the deposit of microorganisms and other biological material?
No
For an ARIPO patent
Refer to Annex B(AP)

Annex C - Receiving Office

Competent receiving Office for nationals and residents of:
Liberia
Language in which international applications may be filed:
English
Number of copies required by the receiving Office if application filed on paper:
3
Does the receiving Office accept the filing of international applications in electronic form?
Information not yet available
Does the receiving Office accept requests for restoration of the right of priority (PCT Rule 26bis.3)?
Yes, the Office applies both the “unintentional” and the “due care” criteria to such requests
Competent International Searching Authority:
AT
Austria - Austrian Patent Office
AU
Australia - Australian Patent Office
CN
China - China National Intellectual Property Administration (CNIPA)
EP
European Patent Organisation - European Patent Office (EPO)
SE
Sweden - Swedish Intellectual Property Office (PRV)
Competent International Preliminary Examining Authority:
AT
Austria - Austrian Patent Office
AU
Australia - Australian Patent Office
CN
China - China National Intellectual Property Administration (CNIPA)
1
EP
European Patent Organisation - European Patent Office (EPO)
2
SE
Sweden - Swedish Intellectual Property Office (PRV)
Fees payable to the receiving Office:
Transmittal fee:
50 USD
International filing fee:
1,435 USD
This fee is reduced by 90% if certain conditions apply (refer to Annex C(IB)).
Fee per sheet in excess of 30:
16 USD
Search fee:
Refer to
Annex D(AT)
Annex D(AU)
Annex D(CN)
Annex D(EP)
Annex D(SE)
Fee for priority document (PCT Rule 17.1(b)):
per page of the certified copy 5 USD
Is an agent required by the receiving Office?
Yes
Who can act as agent?
Any attorney certified by the Liberia Intellectual Property Office (LIPO) and registered by the Legal Bar Association or any IP agent certified by LIPO
Waiver of power of attorney:
Has the Office waived the requirement that a separate power of attorney be submitted?
Refer to the Office
Has the Office waived the requirement that a copy of a general power of attorney be submitted?
Refer to the Office

National Phase

Summary of requirements for entry into the national phase

Time limits applicable for entry into the national phase:
Under PCT Article 22(1): 30 months from the priority date
Under PCT Article 39(1)(b): 31 months from the priority date
Translation of international application required into (one of) the following language(s):
Must be furnished or paid within the time limit applicable under PCT Article 22 or 39(1).
English
Required contents of the translation for entry into the national phase:
Under PCT Article 22: Description, claims (if amended, as amended only, together with any statement under PCT Article 19), any text matter of drawings, abstract
Under PCT Article 39(1): Description, claims, any text matter of drawings, abstract (if any of those parts has been amended, only as amended by the annexes to the international preliminary examination report)
Is a copy of the international application required in particular circumstances?
No
National fees:
Must be furnished or paid within the time limit applicable under PCT Article 22 or 39(1).
Filing fee
400 USD
Exemptions, reductions or refunds of fees:
None
Special requirements of the Office (PCT Rule 51bis):
If not already complied with within the time limit applicable under PCT Article 22 or 39(1), the Office will invite the applicant to comply with the requirement within a time limit fixed in the invitation.
Appointment of an agent if the applicant is not resident in Liberia
Oath or declaration of the inventor 3
Who can act as agent?
Any attorney certified by the Liberia Intellectual Property Office (LIPO) and registered by the Legal Bar Association or any IP agent certified by LIPO
Does the Office accept requests for restoration of the right of priority (PCT Rule 49ter.2)?
Yes, the Office applies both the “unintentional” and the “due care” criteria to such requests

The procedure in the national Phase

LR.01 TRANSLATION (CORRECTION)
Errors in the translation of the international application can be corrected with reference to the text of the international application as filed (refer to National Phase, paragraphs 6.002 and 6.003).
LR.02 FEES (MANNER OF PAYMENT)
The manner of payment of the fees indicated in the Summary and in this Chapter is outlined in Annex LR.I.
LR.03 REPRESENTATION
LPR Sec. 7.2
An agent must be appointed by filing a power of attorney if the applicant is not resident in Liberia. A model is given in Annex LR.II. If the power of attorney is not filed at the time of entry into the national phase, it may be filed within two months from the expiration of the time limit applicable under Article 22 or 39(1).
LR.04 EXAMINATION
LPR Sec. 11.1
The Office will examine or provide for the examination of patent applications as to substance. A request for examination must be filed which is subject to the payment of a fee. The request shall be deemed to have been filed when the examination fee has been paid. Failure to make the request within the prescribed time limit will cause the application to lapse.
LR.05 AMENDMENT OF THE APPLICATIONS; TIME LIMITS
PCT Art. 28, PCT Art. 41, LPL Sec. 13.6(e)
Amendments and corrections to the description, claims and drawings may be made at any time during the patent procedure before the grant of the patent provided that the scope of the subject matter of the application is not broadened thereby.
LR.06 ANNUAL FEES
LPL Sec. 13.12(b), LPR Sec. 18
In order to maintain the patent or the patent application, annual fees must be paid in advance for each year , starting one year after the international filing date. The annual maintenance fee shall become due on the eve of each anniversary of the international filing date. A period of grace of six months shall be allowed for the late payment of the annual fee on payment of the prescribed surcharge fee which is indicated in Annex LR.I. If an annual fee is not paid, the patent application shall be deemed to have been withdrawn or the patent shall lapse.
LR.07 REINSTATEMENT OF RIGHTS
PCT Rule 49.6, LPL Sec. 13.24, LPR Sec. 21.1, LPR Sec. 21.2, LPR Sec. 21.3
Reinstatement of rights may be requested where the applicant, in spite of due care required by the circumstances having been taken, failed to perform the acts referred to in Article 22(1) or 39(1)(a) within the applicable time limit. Any request for reinstatement of rights, shall be filed in writing within two months of the removal of the cause of non-compliance with the period, but at the latest within six months of expiry of the unobserved time limit. The request for reinstatement of rights shall not be deemed to have been filed until the prescribed fee has been paid. The request shall state the grounds on which it is based and shall set out the facts on which it relies. The omitted act shall be completed within the relevant period for filing the request.
LR.08 REVIEW UNDER ARTICLE 25 OF THE PCT
PCT Art. 25, PCT Rule 51
The applicable procedure is outlined in paragraphs 6.018 to 6.021 of the National Phase. If, upon review under PCT Article 25, the Office denies an error or omission on the part of the receiving Office or the International Bureau, an appeal against this decision may be lodged with the Office.
LR.09 RESTORATION OF THE RIGHT OF PRIORITY
LPL Sec. 13.25
Where the international application claims the priority of an earlier application and has an international filing date which is later than the date on which the priority period expired but within the period of two months from that date, the Office shall, upon request of the applicant and payment of the prescribed fee, restore the right of priority with respect to that international application if the Office finds that the failure to file the international application within the priority period was unintentional or occurred in spite of due care required by the circumstances having been taken. The Office shall not refuse, totally or in part, a request for restoration of the right of priority without giving the applicant the opportunity to make observations on the intended refusal within a time limit, which shall not be less than three months counted from the date of notification.
LR.10 APPEALS
LPR Sec.12.2
The applicant may lodge an appeal against a decision of the Registrar General to the Director General within two months after the date of notification of the decision to him by the Office. No fee is required.
LR.11 UTILITY MODEL
LPL Sec. 13.28
Subject to what is said in paragraph LR.12, if the applicant wishes to obtain a utility model instead of a patent in Liberia on the basis of an international application, he shall so indicate to the office when performing the acts referred to in PCT Article 22 or 39. A utility model certificate shall expire at the end of the 10th year after the date of the grant of the utility model, and shall not be renewable.
LR.12 CONVERSION
LPL Sec. 13.29
An international application for a patent may be converted into a utility model application, and vice versa, at any time before the grant or refusal of a patent or a utility model certificate. Conversion is subject to the payment of a fee which is indicated in Annex LR.I. An application may not be converted more than once.

Annexes

Annex LR.I - Fees
Patents
Fee for national processing
400 USD
Publication fee
150 USD
Surcharge for late payment of annual maintenance
30 USD
Grant fee for patent
10 USD
Conversion of patent to utility model
50 USD
Conversion of utility model to patent
50 USD
Annual fees:
— for the 1st year
40 USD
— for the 2nd year
60 USD
— for the 3rd year
80 USD
— for the 4th year
100 USD
— for the 5th year
120 USD
— for the 6th year
140 USD
— for the 7th year
160 USD
— for the 8th year
180 USD
— for the 9th year
200 USD
— for the 10th year
180 USD
— for the 11th year
160 USD
— for the 12th year
140 USD
— for the 13th year
120 USD
— for the 14th year
100 USD
— for the 15th year
80 USD
— for the 16th year
60 USD
— for the 17th year
40 USD
— for the 18th year
60 USD
— for the 19th year
80 USD
— for the 20th year
100 USD
How can payment of fees be effected?
The payment of fees must be effected in US dollar and should be made by bank draft payable to the Patent and Trade Mark account at the Central Bank of Liberia in Monrovia. All payments must give the application number (national if already known; international if the national number is not yet known).
Forms
The following documents are maintained by the Office. Refer to the Office website (Annex B) for latest version and other languages.
Notes:
1 a The Office is competent only if the international search is or has been carried out by that Office.
2 a The Office is competent only if the international search is or has been carried out by that Office, the Austrian Patent Office or the Swedish Intellectual Property Office (PRV).
3 a This requirement may be satisfied if the corresponding declaration has been made in accordance with PCT Rule 4.17.
Special edition as of 31 October 2023, prepared for EQE candidates printed on 28 Feb 2024